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The Effect of Social and Participation Environmental Factors on Achievement of The Well-being for Elderly

Wiliyanarti, Pipit Festi and Notobroto , Hari Basuki and Hamidah, Hamidah and Asri, Asri (2017) The Effect of Social and Participation Environmental Factors on Achievement of The Well-being for Elderly. Journal of Applied Science And Research, 5 (6). pp. 71-78. ISSN ISSN 2348-0416

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        Elderly was part of the growth and development process. The existence of physical deterioration and social changes lead to dependency on the activity of its sovereignty. Elderly who were accustomed for having the activity will be more independent than the elderly who were in dependency. Family environment in the form of family support and community support, can affect the condition of the elderly well-being. Elderly are part of the family, which was expected to provide support in the achievement of physical well-being. Whereas the elderly themselves, because of decreasing process in the physical, psychological, social and mental ability, resulted in a lessening in the role and status of the elderly in the family. This study aims to determine the relationship between the family and society, the independence of the elderly with the elderly well-being. Descriptive analytic with cross sectional approach was used in recent study. Samples include 400 elderly and families in Surabaya with Multistage Random Sampling technique. Collecting data using interviews and observation. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used in the data analysis. The result showed that family environment that supports the well-being of the elderly was an environment that provides opportunities for elderly to participate in daily activities, family support which given in the achievement of the elderly well-being were the instrumental support in the form of fulfilling the daily needs, harmonious home environment; emotional support in the form of trust in the family, a sense of care to the elderly. Results of the data analysis showed the value of the social environment, loading factor 0,72; social networking loading factor 0,71, self independency-loading factor of 0.33; and problems faced by the elderly in the family 0,66; Chisquare 4.97, p-value = 0,17500 RMSEA = 0.0006. It showed that the family and the community environment with the provision of family support, independence having a significant influence on the elderly well-being. The role of nurses was important to raise families and the elderly, so that the health, well-being and quality of life of the elderly can properly be met. Keywords : family support, the well-being of the elderly,

        Item Type: Article
        Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
        Divisions: Jurnal > Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan
        Depositing User: PIPIT FESTI WILIYANARTI
        Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2019 15:18
        Last Modified: 02 Mar 2019 15:18

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