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Indicators and Index of Elderly Well-Being to Support an Age–Friendly City

Wiliyanarti, Pipit Festi and Notobroto, Hari Basuki and Hamidah, Hamidah and Rofiqi, Erfan (2020) Indicators and Index of Elderly Well-Being to Support an Age–Friendly City. Jurnal Ners, 15 (1). pp. 19-26. ISSN pISSN: 1858-3598  eISSN: 2502-5791

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        Abstract

        Introduction: Increasing the life expectancy of the elderly raises complex problems concerning the life aspects of the elderly, family, community, and government. A well-being indicator for the elderly is needed as a measurement tool to facilitate Indonesian elderly individuals to becoming more prosperous. The purpose of this study was to develop well-being indicators and to formulate the elderly well-being Index. Methods: This study used an explanatory research design with a quantitative approach. In total, 400 respondents were collected using multistage random sampling. The physical well-being variable used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) instrument, Barthel’s index, and the Disease Complaint questionnaire. In addition, a psychology and social well-being instrument, social well-being instrument, and spiritual instrument were employed. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to verify the factor structure of all of the observed variables. Results: The results showed that the indicators for elderly well-being are demographic with the following factor loading: (λ) 0.32, social environment (λ)=0.51, health services (λ)=0.55, physical well-being (λ=0.36 psychological wellbeing (λ)=0.46, social well-being (λ)=0.45 and spiritual well-being (λ)=0.50. The indicators and index can be used as an effort to drive the program, so then the elderly can become productive, prosperous, and meaningful. Conclusion: The elderly well-being index is expected to be a programmatic instrument that can measure and evaluate the welfare of the elderly. This will increase the elderly health program that is available to achieve more holistic wellbeing and an age-friendly city.

        Item Type: Article
        Uncontrolled Keywords: age-friendly city; elderly; indicators; index; well-being
        Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
        R Medicine > RT Nursing
        Divisions: Jurnal > Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan
        Depositing User: PIPIT FESTI WILIYANARTI
        Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 16:34
        Last Modified: 28 Aug 2020 16:34
        URI: http://repository.um-surabaya.ac.id/id/eprint/4267

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