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THE EFFECT OF PACITAN’S SWEET ORANGE’S (Citrus sinensis (L) Osbeck) PEEL POWDER ON THE LIPID PROFILE OF MALE DYSLIPIDEMIA RATS Rattus novergicus

SAMSUDIN, RINZA RAHMAWATI and Kunsah, Baterun and Widyastuti, Rahma (2017) THE EFFECT OF PACITAN’S SWEET ORANGE’S (Citrus sinensis (L) Osbeck) PEEL POWDER ON THE LIPID PROFILE OF MALE DYSLIPIDEMIA RATS Rattus novergicus. Universitas Muhammadiyah surabaya.

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    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION Dyslipidemia is a lipid metabolism disorder characterized by the increasing TC, LDL cholesterol, triacylglycerol TG above normal values and decrease of HDL in the blood. Increasing LDL-C and triacylglycerol have a correlation with poor cardiovascular circumstances and increased lipid absorption may lead to conditions of dyslipidemia. Orange peel is often considered a waste that is not useful. The purpose of this study wanted to know the effect of giving orange peel to the mice dyslipidemia. METHOD This study was an experimental study, using a randomized post test only control group design using twenty-seven white rats (Rattus norvegicus) Wistar strains. This study lasted for eight weeks. Mice dyslipidemia is made by giving high fat feed to all groups of K1, K2 and K3. Each group consists of 9 white rats divided randomly. The composition of high-fat feed is a modification of the formula Nutrient requirements of laboratory animals. RESULTS The mean of body weight of K1, K2 and K3 groups tended to increase. Increased body weight of mice began to occur at week 2, after the K1, K2, and K3 groups were given a high-fat diet. Levels of TC, LDL-C and TG in K2 and K3 group treated with sweet peel leaf extract of pacitan with dosage of CMC-Na 1% dose 500 mg / kg BW and CMC-Na 1% dose 750 mg / kg BW Lower than the K1 group. Decreased levels of TC, LDLC and TG occurring in groups of K2 and K3 significantly. DISCUSSION. The compound dlimonene of Pacitanese orange may affect PPAR. PPAR (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) is a transcription factor of super family nuclear receptors. PPAR circulating with its ligand may affect lipid metabolism The compound d-limonene of Pacitanese orange may activiting PPAR. Activating PPAR can affect the total cholesterol levels in the blood. The mechanism of PPAR in affecting total cholesterol is by inhibiting NPC1L1 activity in the intestinal wall. NP1C1 is a transporter in charge of bringing cholesterol into the blood. The decrease of LDL-C level may occur due to hesperidin content in the peel of Pacitanese sweet orange where the mechanism of action of hesperidin is estimated by inhibition of reductase HMGCoA enzyme activity

    Item Type: Other
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Laporan Penelitian
    Depositing User: RINZA RAHMAWATI SAMSUDIN
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2020 20:58
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2020 20:58
    URI: http://repository.um-surabaya.ac.id/id/eprint/4762

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