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Subsidies and Countervailing Measures: Challenges in International Trade Law

Supriyo, Agus and Prakasa, Satria Unggul Wicaksana (2021) Subsidies and Countervailing Measures: Challenges in International Trade Law. Jurnal Komunikasi Hukum (JKH), 7 (1). pp. 10-22. ISSN 356-4164

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        Abstract

        In the global era with all demands and expectations for a better economic condition in a country that an international trade is needed. Fair competition can be carried out in competition between business actors and commodity (goods or services) in overseas with business actors and commodity (goods or services) in country. One form of creating justice in international trade competition is by providing subsidies. The issue of subsidies created the problems and disputes. The problem formulations of this research were: (1) how are the effects of subsidies and countervailing in international trade regulations? (2) how is the case analysis related to subsidies and countervailing measures according to the provisions of the GATT 1994, The SCM Agreement and other legal provisions? The results showed that (1) the effect of subsidies and countervailing measures based on their types (red light, yellow light, green light) in international trade regulations had provided clear provisions as well as the impact and limitations in implementing these provisions in accordance with the provisions. GATT 1994 and The SCM Agreement. (2) The several cases described regarding subsidies that were not allowed because they created injustice that the subsidies were only carried out in an emergency situation and their nature rescued them from an economic crisis. Abstrak Di jaman global dengan segala tuntutan dan harapan atas kondisi perekonomian suatu Negara yang lebih baik, maka dibutuhkan sebuah perdagangan internasional. Persaingan sehat dapat dilakukan dalam persaingan antara pelaku usaha beserta komoditas (goods or services) luar negeri dengan pelaku usaha beserta komoditas (goods or services) dalam negeri. Salah satu bentuk menciptakan keadilan dalam persaingan perdagangan internasional adalah dengan memberikan subsidi. Permasalahan subsidi menimbulkan masalah dan sengketa. Rumusan masalah dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) bagaimanakah pengaruh subsidi dan cuntervailing didalam regulasi perdagangan internasional?. (2) bagaimana analisis kasus terkait subsidi dan countervailing measures menurut ketentuan GATT 1994, The SCM Agreement dan ketentuan-ketentuan hukum lainnya?. Hasil dari Penelitian ini adalah: (1) pengaruh subsidi dan countervailing measures berdasarkan jenis-jenisnya (Red light, yellow light, green light) didalam regulasi perdagangan internasional telah memberi ketentuan yang jelas serta dampak dan batasan-batasan dalam menerapkan ketentuan tersebut sesuai dengan ketentuan GATT 1994 dan The SCM Agreement. (2) Dari beberapa kasus yang dipaparkan terkait subsidi yang tidak diperbolehkan karena menciptakan ketidakadilan, subsidi hanya dilakukan dalam keadaan darurat dan sifatnya untuk penyelamatan dari krisis ekonomi.

        Item Type: Article
        Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
        Divisions: Jurnal > Fakultas Hukum
        Depositing User: Agus Supriyo Agus
        Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2021 12:58
        Last Modified: 27 Sep 2021 12:58
        URI: http://repository.um-surabaya.ac.id/id/eprint/5407

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