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Parental Support for The Independence of Mental Retardation Children

Gita, Marini and Eri, Herawati S and Suyatno, Hadi S. and Reliani, Reliani and Anis Rosyiatul, Husna (2022) Parental Support for The Independence of Mental Retardation Children. Gaceta Medica de Caracas, 130 (1). pp. 164-168. ISSN 0367-4762

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Introduction: The majority of children with mental retardation show an effect on the difficulties of their independence level of Activity Daily Living (ADL). Previous evidence shows that parental support is an essential source of social support. Parents’ active role and support determine the child’s development in their daily life skills. This study aims to analyze the relationship between parental support and children’s independence with mental retardation children in their ADL. Result: The results show a relationship between parental support and the independence of mentally retarded children, with a correlation coefficient value of 0.805 with a significance level of value with the result of P = 0.0001 < 0.05. Methods: This study used a Cross-Sectional design. Data derived from the total sampling technique resulted in 56 respondents with mental retardation children with their parents. Measurement using a validated questionnaire. After tabulating, the data were analyzed using the Spearman Rho test with a significance level of 0.05. Conclusion: This study suggests that future therapeutic interventions such as providing parental guidance to counseling lead to parental support and children’s independence. The parental support required for enhancing independence in mentally retardation children focuses on their cognitive, self-care, and daily activities and aims to achieve proper ADL in their living. DOI: ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8456-24191 ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4904-57202 ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2947-13943 ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8290-17474 aUniversitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, Indonesia *Corresponding Author: Aries Chandra Ananditha E-mail: Recibido: 1 de mayo 2022 Aceptado: 6 de mayo 2022 Keywords: Independence activity in daily living, mental retardation children, parental support.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Jurnal > Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan
Date Deposited: 24 May 2023 07:24
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 07:24

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