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FRAMEWORK OF CHILD LABORERS LEGAL PROTECTION IN MARGINAL COMMUNITIES

Wijayanti, Asri (2017) FRAMEWORK OF CHILD LABORERS LEGAL PROTECTION IN MARGINAL COMMUNITIES. Man in India, 97 (24). pp. 203-212. ISSN 0025-1569

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        Abstract

        Children are the next generation of the nation who have the right to grow and develop. Their primary needs are to play and learn. In fact, some of them are forced to work to support their family needs. This study aims to provide a framework for the provision of legal protection for child labor in marginal communities through the identification of causal factors and the risks of child labor and the tracking of child labor protection rules. This is a legal research using socio legal approach. The results of this research are first, the existence of poverty factor, social culture, education, urbanization and change of production process causing child labor in marginal communities.The risk of child labor is the disruption of physical, emotional and social development of children. Secondly, legally there is already a legal instrument that provides legal protection for children who have worked in the 1945 Constitution jo. Law No. 4/1979 jo. Act 39/1999 jo. Act 1/ 2000, jo. Law 23/2002 Jo. Law 13/2003, jo. Presidential Decree No. 59/2002. The legal means of protection for child labor in marginal communities has not been effective because it is influenced by factors to support family needs. Third, the framework of providing legal protection for child labor includes four phases of mapping, planning, implementation and monitoring of the legal protection of child labor.The framework for the provision of legal protection for child labor in marginal communities is expected to be an alternative solution to the reduction and elimination of the number of child labor .The conclusion drawn from this research is that the rule of law for the protection of child labor in marginal communities requires the active participation from the community to participate in the planning of the protective movement of child labor in the form of concrete actions to reduce and eliminate the number of child labor in the surrounding environment to zero child labor by the use of the strategy to return children to school. Keywords: Child Labor, Legal Protection, Zero Child Labor Program, marginal communities

        Item Type: Article
        Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
        Divisions: Jurnal > Fakultas Hukum
        Depositing User: DR ASRI WIJAYANTI
        Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2019 17:46
        Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 17:46
        URI: http://repository.um-surabaya.ac.id/id/eprint/3086

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